30 May 2009

Planters, Farmers, Sharecroppers -- I Descend from Them All

...And I have loved
The calloused hands
Of a Kentucky coal miner,
The sad, solemn eyes
Of a hungry child,
The bent shoulders of a
Georgia sharecropper
Digging crab-grass from
His new-ground corn patch...

Abe Prine & Family

I descend from a Georgia sharecropper. Actually, I descend from many "types" of farmers: A fourth great grandfather of mine was a planter. He was a large, wealthy landowner and conducted his business "plantation style." A second great grandfather of mine was a poor farmer. He owned his property, but that was about it. Finally, a great grandfather of mine was a sharecropper. He farmed his whole life, but never owned anything. These men (of no relation to one another) are examples of the wide spectrum of tenders of the good Earth found in my family tree.

Both of my grandfathers have shared stories of their upbringing on the farm. Grandpa Lincecum has told of nothing being wasted, and how meat was sometimes scarce. There was always good food from the garden, though. Grandpa Logue has told stories of questioning his mother as to why he had to sweep a dirt floor, as well as being very afraid of the king snake living in the barn that kept the rodent population down.

Half of my great grandparents were gone before I was born, but I vividly remember great grandpa Chester Campbell and the chicken coop in the backyard. A garden was present there, as well. In fact, I can also remember what seemed like a huge garden in the backyard of the Logue household (the whole backyard seemed a lot bigger when I was younger). To this day, Grandma Logue has a small patch of land she tends.

You might think all this reverence for the good Earth by my ancestors would mean I would have a green thumb, or at least translate into a love of being outdoors... Nope. That didn't make it's way to me.

However, the gifts and lessons that were passed down to me include a deep appreciation for our good Earth as well as a passion for preserving it, and the knowledge that the farmers of today deserve my utmost respect and gratitude for providing me with the good food I eat. For that, I can thank the generations of planters, farmers, and sharecroppers that came before.

This post was written for the 73rd Carnival of Genealogy
Topic = the Good Earth

1. Excerpt from poem entitled "And I Have Loved" by Don West, 1946.

05 May 2009

Great, Great, Great-Grandpa Benjamin Lincecum Twice Enumerated

I started out today with intent to gather some information about Hickory Ridge, Missouri. I know that my 3rd great-grandfather down to my grandfather lived in the area. I casually went to verify a township for Hickory Ridge in the 1860 US Federal census, where I know my 3rd great-grandpa Benjamin Lincecum was.

The page where I knew grandpa Benjamin to be did not have a township listed, or a post office, for that matter on the image. It was listed in Hubble Township by Ancestry.com. However, The census taker wrote "Hubble Township" part-way down the page (#21), in between family 150 and family 151. I took this to mean Hubble township started with family 151. My grandpa Benjamin was head of family 149.

In re-tracing some steps maybe taken by the enumerator (Mr. George H. Shell, by the way), I found the following:

- Liberty Township was enumerated beginning 1 June 1860 with 80+ families.
- Welch Township was enumerated 6-8 June 1860 and ended with the 144th family.
- Hubble Township was enumerated beginning 8 June 1860 and started with family 151.

Since grandpa Benjamin was family 149, he was actually in Welch township, Hickory Ridge post office, though Ancestry had his entry's image listed in Hubble township. [There's a lesson there!]

None of this is really a big deal, I guess, except I found another entry for Grandpa Benjamin and family on the last page listed as Welch Township (page #20). Very strange. Since I am quite bad about relying on indexes (I only browse when I have to), I had not seen this entry.

I know it is not uncommon for individuals to be counted twice in the census. I've seen this happen many times. What is a little odd in this instance, is that grandpa's family was counted twice on the same day, with only a small number of families in between the two enumerations. Once was as family 144, and the second as family 149. Didn't grandpa ask the dude why he was back so soon?

The entries are not exactly the same, of course, but they are close. The first entry has Benjamin Lincicum the neighbor of the Kinion family. Understandable since Benjamin's wife was a Kenyon. The second entry has Benjamin Lincecum the neighbor of a Gibbs family. Benjamin's future daughter-in-law would be a Gibbs:

Welch Township
Cape Girardeau County, Missouri
8 June 1860
P.O. Hickory Ridge

Page 20
Family 144 (line 37)
LINCICUM, Benj - 35 - m - Farmer - $150 personal estate - birthplace blank [Missouri] - cannot read or write
LINCICUM, Elizabeth - 25 - f - birthplace blank [Missouri] - cannot read or write
LINCICUM, Mary - 6 - f - birthplace blank [Missouri]
LINCICUM, Frances M. - 3 - m - birthplace blank [Missouri]

Page 21
Family 149 (line 16)
LINCECUM, Benj - 30 - m - Farmer - $100 real estate - $150 personal estate - birthplace blank [Missouri] - cannot read or write
LINCECUM, Nancy E. - 28 - f - birthplace blank [Missouri] - cannot read or write
LINCECUM, Mary - 7 - f - birthplace blank [Missouri]
LINCECUM, Francis - 4 - m - birthplace blank [Missouri]
VANGILDER, Nancy [+child]
PATTERSON, John [+children]
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