29 March 2018

3 Sons of Bobbie Lincecum Starks (and Cattle Dipping)

3SonsofBobbieLincecumGeorge Breckenridge Starks (1860-1914) and Bobbie Lincecum (1860-1949) had eight or nine children.  In this post, I'll highlight three of the sons:  Willie Clay, George Washington, and John Oliver.

- Willie Clay Starks was George and Bobbie's first son.  He was born about 1882 in Louisiana.  While at home, he of course worked as a laborer on the family farm.  Once he struck out on his own, Willie got involved in lumber.  Occupations included, "wood man for log shop," lumber mill laborer, and paper mill laborer.  There was one exception, however.  Willie's World War I draft registration card revealed his occupation as "Inspector of Cattle Dipping" for the Louisiana Conservation Commission.

I suppose the title speaks for itself, but I really didn't know what cattle dipping was.  In case you don't either, here's what I found in a report published in 2012 by Robert G. Pasquill, Jr., Forest Archeologist:

Texas fever, also known as splenetic fever, red-water fever, and the bloody murrain, has been known in cattle for many years…As early as 1795 it was recognized in the United States that as cattle were moved from one area to another, they could spread sickness…It would be nearly another 100 years before it was understood that ticks on Southern cattle were the cause of the sickness…By 1906, the Federal government had established a quarantine line between North and South. Stockmen began treating their cattle with solutions to kill the ticks. Eventually, the most effective method to kill ticks was to dip the cattle in an arsenical bath. Cattle dipping vats were built across the Southern States. Initially, the vats were constructed by individual stock owners. Later, counties held elections to vote on tick eradication. Finally, states passed state-wide compulsory dipping laws…The program was not without opposition. Some of the opposition took the form of anti-dipping associations. Some of the opposition was violent, with officials being shot and vats being dynamited.

About 1906 or 1907, Willie married Leona Wheat (1892-1969).  The couple had at least nine children, each one bearing a name that begins with the letter O.

  • record-image_33S7-9R4P-4SXOla May Starks Bourg (1907-1974)
  • Olla/Olie Belle Starks Smith
  • Opal Starks Kees/Keys
  • Ora Starks Colvin (1915-2000)
  • Oleater Willie Starks (1917-1919)
  • Orval Clay Starks (d. 1944)
  • Ona Vee Starks Rogers (1925-2016)
  • Oklynn O. Starks Robertson (1928-1987)
  • Orlan Eugene Starks (1931-1999)

Willie Clay Starks died 22 February 1934 at Shreveport, Caddo Parish, LA.  His body was buried in Jonesboro Cemetery at Jackson Parish.

- George Washington Starks, possibly 3rd son and 4th child, was born 26 August 1889 in Lincecum, Grant Parish, Louisiana.  During his late 20s and early 30s, George was occupied as a farmer.  During the Great Depression, however, George hooked up with the Forestry Division of the Conservation Commission.  In 1940, he was a laborer with the "Reforestry Project," and per his 1942 World War II draft registration card, George was working on a QMC W.P.A. Project at Camp Beauregard in Rapides Parish.

"Quartermaster Insignia from the US Army Quartermaster Museum Fort Lee, VA" by Ehrentitle via WikipediaThough I don't know the specifics of the Work Projects Administration (formerly known as Works Progress Administration) job, the QMC part makes sense based on George's military service during World War I.  He was inducted 25 June 1918 at Colfax, Grant Parish, and honorably discharged on demobilization 9 October 1919.  George's entire time in the service was spent with the Quartermaster Corps.  It's currently defined at Wikipedia this way:

The United States Army Quartermaster Corps, formerly the Quartermaster Department, is a Sustainment, formerly combat service support (CSS), branch of the United States Army. It is also one of three U.S. Army logistics branches, the others being the Transportation Corps and the Ordnance Corps.

The U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps mission is to support the development, production, acquisition, and sustainment of general supply, Mortuary Affairs, subsistences, petroleum and water, material and distribution management during peace and war to provide combat power to the U.S. Army...

George married Leflore Adele Atwell about 1917, and the couple had at least four children.  Two were daughters who did not live long after birth:  Jettie Maye (b. & d. 1924) and Dixie Geraldine (b. & d. 1932).

George Washington Starks died 31 March 1969 and was buried in Lincecum Cemetery at Grant Parish, LA.  A transcription of his government issued military tombstone:

George W. Starks
Army Svc Corps
World War I
August 26, 1889
March 31, 1969

- John Oliver Starks, possibly 4th son and 6th child, was born 23 August 1894 at Selma, Grant Parish, Louisiana.  John tried his hand at farming and lumber, but seemed to settle (at least for a time) in the mechanic business.  The April 1930 Grant Parish, LA Federal census stated he was a garage proprietor, and ten years later (same document type, same location) he was noted as an auto mechanic.  John, too, was a beneficiary of the W.P.A. per his World War II draft registration card.

jostarkswwidraftcardJohn married Annie Wilson about May of 1917.  This month and year comes from a rare, handwritten note on the back of John's June 1917 World War I draft registration card.  It read:

Married three wks ago
Lives on farm with mother - farm is
rather on very small scale

John and Annie had at least nine children.  Two daughters were Georgia L. Starks Atwell (1920-2008) and Bobbie S. Starks Smith (1932-2009).  I wonder if the latter was named for her grandmother Lincecum.

John Oliver Starks died 27 July 1977 and was buried in Lincecum Cemetery at Grant Parish, LA.  Wife Annie and daughter Georgia are there, as well.

Take all mistakes as good wishes.


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