I have seen Andrew's surname spelled many different ways: Lincecum, Linceycum, Lynscum, Lincecom, and Linscomb. And though I've seen him referred to as Andrew most often, Andy and André are also noted.
My family and family history (so far as I know) is very Caucasian. So it was a mild surprise to see R. Lincecum, a white planter, married to Annise, noted as Black in the 1860 Catahoula Parish, Louisiana Federal census. These were the parents of Andrew, so his "color" was given as mulatto. A notation was added to the census for the children of this union: Free Borne --
What might that mean? Per Wikipedia:
The term free people of color…in the context of the history of slavery in the Americas, at first specifically referred to persons of mixed African and European descent who were not enslaved. The term was especially used in the French colonies, including La Louisiane… In these territories and major cities, particularly New Orleans, and those cities held by the Spanish, a substantial…class of primarily mixed-race, free people developed. These colonial societies classified mixed-race people in a variety of ways, generally related to visible features and to the proportion of African ancestry…
In the Thirteen Colonies, settled by the British, and later in the United States, the term free negro was often used to cover the same class of people – those who were legally free and visibly of ethnic African descent. It included persons of mixed race…
On the flip side, Christophe Landry of Louisiana Historic & Cultural Vistas, notes the following:
From 1699 to 1868, mixed color marriages were expressly forbidden.
So I wonder, were Rezin and Annise "officially" married? I just don't know the answer to that yet.
Returning to Andrew, specifically, his race was noted in a fairly consistent way across the census records taken over the span of his life: 1880 – mulatto; 1900 – black; 1910 – black; 1920 – mulatto; and 1930 – negro.
Andrew was occupied as a farmer the majority, if not all, of his adult life. About 1887-1889, he married Minerva Maxwell, possibly a daughter of Jackson and Mary Jane M(c?)axwell. Census takers considered her to be black, Indian, mulatto, and negro. The couple had five children: Wallace, Mary Ann (Anise), Roley, Otta (Ida), and Edward.
An interesting note might be that Andrew's son Roley (Rollo, Raleigh, Rolle) lived to be more than 100 years old.
By the time the 1940 Rapides Parish, Louisiana Federal census was taken, Minerva was a widow. She later died 22 September 1956.
Wallace Lincecum / Linscomb, eldest son of Andrew (d. bef. 1940), married about 1916. In January 1922 was born to him a son he named after his father. This Andrew Linscomb, in 1942, was employed at Camp Beauregard near Pineville, La.
[Via Louisiana First Registration Draft Cards, compiled 1940-1945 at FamilySearch.]
Andrew Linscomb (b. 1922) died, according to the Social Security Death Index at GenealogyBank, in November 1983.
Can you help?
It is baffling to me why I haven't been able to find
much any information regarding the final resting places of any member of this family. Most seem to have lived and died in the Pineville or Ruby area of Rapides Parish, La. I just might have to go the old-fashioned (non-internet) route. Imagine that! If anyone has any information about this family, I'd love a comment.
Are you wondering what's up with all the "letter" posts? I am participating in the Blogging from A to Z Challenge (links to official page). This challenge lasts through the month of April, with Sundays off. Each day follows a different letter prompt, in order, from A to Z. Click here to see all my letter posts on one page (in reverse order). Though this is my second year in the challenge, it's my first with two blogs. My theme here is "kinfolk direct." Versus any name from the one name study, these genealogy and history posts all involve someone to which I am related. You may follow along with me by RSS feed and other social media platforms listed at the top of the sidebar. I and other bloggers in the challenge on Twitter will also be using #atozchallenge.
I'm also participating with Southern Graves. This blog as a whole is one of my themes – telling the tales of tombstones, primarily from those found in the Southern United States and usually the State of Georgia.
Are you participating in the challenge, too? Please leave a link to your blog in the comments, I'd love to pay you a visit. Good luck to all involved!